Brown Rot on Peach Trees: Effective Prevention Techniques

Brown Rot on Peach Trees
Brown Rot on Peach Trees

So brown rot on peach trees is a major worldwide disease. It is very common on stone fruits like peaches plums and apricots. Brown rot is caused by a microscopic fungus called Monilinia. This fungus damages blossoms, twigs, green fruit, mature fruit, and even fruit after harvest it produces tiny spores in spring and throughout the summer that help spread the disease.

microscopic fungus
microscopic fungus called Monilinia
Brown Rot on Peach Trees
brown rot disease on mature fruit
Brown Rot on Peach Trees
brown rot disease on blossoms
Brown Rot on Peach Trees
brown rot disease after harvesting
Brown Rot on Peach Trees
brown rot disease on green fruit
Brown Rot on Peach Trees
brown rot disease on twigs

Before peach season even begins two kinds of spores begin to form one kind of canadia is clonal and each spore is identical. Canadia form on infected twigs or shriveled-up fungus. Fungus-covered peaches remaining in the tree canopy are called fruit mummies.

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Brown rot on peach Disease cycle 1 1 screenshot
Canadia
Brown rot on peach Disease cycle 1 9 screenshot
Fungus-covered peaches like mummies

The other kinds of ascospores are produced when two fungal mating types combine information to produce genetically diverse spores. These spores form in mushroom-like structures called apothecia. They grow on mummies on the orchard floor if there is enough moisture provided by surrounding plant material.

Brown Rot on Peach Trees
ascospores
Brown Rot on Peach Trees
spores form in mushroom-like structures called apothecia

When spring weather brings bloom to the peach orchard both types of spores are prepared to infect wind blows spores through the orchard while rain disturbs spores and splashes them to nearby blooms rain and high humidity also trigger spores to invade blossom tissue resulting in blossom blight.

Brown Rot on Peach Trees
blossom of peach
Brown Rot on Peach Trees
blossom blight

Blighted blossoms can be recognized by several characteristics first sunken wood around the blossom called a canker second gummy glue surrounds the blossom and third spores develop on the blossom and canker.Self-pollination

Brown Rot on Peach Trees
canker
Brown Rot on Peach Trees
gummy glue surrounding the blossom
Brown Rot on Peach Trees
blossom and canker.

Green fruit are not as easily infected as ripe fruit or blossoms however two types of green fruit infections do occur in the first type of infection the fungus hides on the fruit without causing symptoms until the fruit ripens in the second the fruit rots while still green and produces even more spores within the orchard

Brown Rot on Peach Trees
fungus hides on the fruit without causing symptoms
Brown Rot on Peach Trees
fruit rots while still green

Spores spread from tree mummies, twigs, cankers, infected blossoms, and rotten green fruit to healthy fruit. Insects and sometimes birds feed on ripening fruit helping to spread the spores throughout the orchard as fruit mature and fill with sugars brown rot symptoms become more common throughout the orchard

The rot first looks like a bruise that gradually grows within a few days spores are produced on the surface of the peach. Rain splash wind and insects continue to spread the fungus to healthy fruit. Rotten peaches may fall off the tree the chemicals produced by the fungus

Brown Rot on Peach Trees
Peach rot first looks like a bruise
Brown Rot on Peach Trees
Rotten peaches may fall off the tree

The fungus can glue infected peaches to the branch then peaches dry and shrivel into mummies as the fungus continues to colonize the fruit millions more spores can be released from just one infected peach.

mummies and cankers remaining in the orchard will start the whole cycle over the next year. Symptoms on peaches are not always visible until after they are picked which is why peaches often begin to rot on the kitchen counter or in the packing house just a few days after harvest or even after cold storage

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Brown Rot on Peach Trees
mummies of rotten peach
Brown Rot on Peach Trees
peaches often begin to rot on the kitchen counter

How to treat brown rot on peach trees

unfortunately wherever peaches are brown rot is not far away but there are ways to manage it

  • first, make sure the orchard floor is not overgrown this will make it harder for spore-producing structures to form on mummies on the ground
  • second pruning out diseased twigs and removing mummies from trees will decrease the number of spores available to infect blossoms when the season begins. How to Grow Banana Trees from Banana 
How to treat brown rot on peach trees
Prevention method
  • lastly, protect the fruit from insects and fungal infections using pesticides fungicide applications are particularly critical during bloom and before harvest when the fungus is most active

Fungicide for brown rot in peaches

below are mentioned various types of fungicides for monilia

  • Captan (M4) Captan
  • Bravo (M5) Cholorothalonil –Not labeled after shuck split
  • Cevya (3) Mefentrifluconazole
  • Topaz (3) Propiconazole
  • Indar (3) Fenbuconazole
  • Pristine (11+7) Pryaclostrobin+Boscalid
  • Meri von (11+7) Pyraclostrobin + Fluxapyroxad
  • Luna Sensation (11+7) Trifloxystrobin +Fluopyram
  • Vanguard (9) Cyprodinil –Not labeled for use after bloom
  • Rovral (2) Iprodione –Not labeled after petal fall
  • Topsin M (1) Thiophanate -Methyl – Only one application/year
  • Inspire Super (9+3) Cyprodinil + Difenconazole
fungicide for brown rot in peaches
various types of fungicides for monilia

Brown rot spray peaches

Brown rot spray peaches
Low medium Brown Rot Pressure
Brown rot spray peaches
High Brown Rot Pressure

Now you know a little more about what brown rot is where it comes from and how to manage it fighting brown rot is not easy but every juicy delicious peach we eat is a testimony that it’s worth the effort.